Recommended Screenings: Men Ages 50 and Above

Blood Pressure
Check at each doctor visit, or at least every 2 years. More often if high.

Cholesterol
Recommended every 5 years or more often if at high risk. Risk factors that will be considered by your doctor include diabetes, a family history of cardiovascular disease, family history of high cholesterol, and multiple coronary heart disease risk factors (e.g., tobacco use, hypertension.)

Colon Cancer
Screening recommended: either a lab screening to test for blood in the stool yearly, or a sigmoidoscopy every 5 years. A colonoscopy may also be recommended for men at high risk including men with a family history of colon cancer; and men who have had colon polyps.

Depression
We all feel down or blue at times. However if these feelings are strong or last for a long time, contact your doctor as this may be a sign of depression. Answer these questions: 1) Over the past two weeks, have you ever felt down, depressed, or hopeless? 2) Over the past two weeks, have you felt little interest or pleasure in doing things?

Diabetes
Screening recommended for men at high risk. Risk factors that will be considered by your doctor include obesity, family history, hypertension, and high cholesterol. African Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans are also at higher risk of developing diabetes.

Prostate Cancer
Discuss whether or not you should have a Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test with your physician.

Smokers Only
An abdominal aortic aneurysm is more likely. A one-time ultrasound screening is recommended for men between the ages of 65 and 75.

Immunizations

Tdap/ TD Shot
Men should have the Tdap vaccine for diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (whooping cough) once as an adult, and continue tetanus/ diphtheria (TD) shots every 10 years.

Flu Shot
A flu shot is recommended every year.

Pneumonia Shot
Men should have a pneumonia shot at least once starting at age 65, or earlier if at high risk.

Other Immunizations
Pneumonia, hepatitis, chicken pox, or meningitis vaccinations are recommended only for those at high risk.

Recommendations
Always wear sun protection outside including sun screen and protective clothing. Skin exams may be necessary.

Discuss safety and any of the following: smoking cessation, AIDS, family planning and alcohol/drug abuse.

Discuss any hearing loss and/or noise exposure with your physician.

Evidence has shown that for many individuals, aspirin can be beneficial in the prevention of heart attack and stroke. Because there are risks to consider as well as benefits, we recommend that men over the age of 45 should discuss with their doctor whether or not to take aspirin daily.